City of Freeport, Illinois

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The History of Freeport


History of Freeport

In 1827, German settlers from Pennsylvania began arriving in the Freeport area to make their homes. Among them was William "Tutty" Baker, credited as the founder of Freeport, who built a trading post on the banks of the Pecatonica River. A generous man, Tutty Baker began operating a free ferry across the river and even invited travelers into his home for meals and lodging.

Originally called Winneshiek, the community took its name from the fact of Baker's renowned generosity - "Free Port" - when it incorporated. Winneshiek was later adopted and is preserved to this day by the Freeport Community Theatre Group.

In 1837, Stephenson County was formed and in 1838, Freeport became its seat of government. Linked by stagecoach with Chicago, the community grew rapidly. In 1840, a frame courthouse was erected and the first school was founded. Within two years, Freeport had two newspapers and in 1853, the two were joined by a third which published in German. By then, the community had a population of 2,000.

On August 27, 1858, the most significant of the historic Lincoln-Douglas debates took place in Freeport and gave the nation direction in succeeding years. Although Douglas won the election and retained his senate seat, his reply to a question on slavery alienated the South, which called it the "Freeport Heresy," and split the Democratic Party. This enabled Lincoln to win the Presidency in 1860.

A monument to the debate was dedicated in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt and stands at this site. A life size statute recreating the event was dedicated in 1992. Another renowned statue, "Lincoln the Debater." by Leonard Crunelle, is a focal point in the city's Taylor Park.

The Stephenson County Historical Society preserves local history in "Bohemiana," an Italiante mansion once owned by Oscar and Malvina Tayor and listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The Taylor's devoted their energies to creating an arboretum at the site and today it contains the largest variety of old trees in the county. Also on the property, are a Farm Museum, a relocated one-room schoolhouse, and an 1840 log cabin.

The Taylor's hosted many guests at Bohemiana, including such well known personalities as Horace Mann, Horace Greeley, Stephenson County native Jane Addams, Edward Everett Hale, and Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Freeport is the birthplace of several celebrities. Among them is Calista Flockhart, the star of the Fox Network's acclaimed "Ally McBeal" television show. Other noteworthy personalities born in Freeport include Louella Parsons, the famous columnist; Deacon Davis of Harlem Globetrotters fame; Robert Johnson, founder of BET, and Preston Pearson, NFL football star.


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Freeport City Hall
314 W. Stephenson St.
Freeport, IL 61032
Phone: 815-235-8200 or 815-235-8203